This is an uncomfortable and often very painful skin condition. With it, your skin becomes red, tender and warm.
Sunburn is caused by overexposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation. This is a wavelength of sunlight that you can’t see. It reaches the Earth every day, even through clouds. UV radiation is also emitted by some artificial lights, especially those used for tanning. A sunburn forms when UV radiation penetrates and damages the cells of your skin.
Symptoms of sunburn may include skin redness, swelling and pain. Your skin may feel warm when you touch it. You may develop blisters on your skin. If you have severe sunburn, you may experience headache, fever and chills. You may feel fatigued.
Prevention and Treatment
You can prevent sunburn by avoiding overexposure to sources of UV radiation. Before going outdoors, put on sunscreen. Cover your skin with fabrics that have a tight weave. Wear a hat with a brim and sunglasses. If you do get a sunburn, treatment options may include skin creams and medications to control pain, swelling and itching. You may benefit from cool compresses and from drinking plenty of water. If you have a severe sunburn, consult your healthcare provider.